Luminance-Contrast-Aware Foveated Rendering

Okan Tarhan Tursun1     Elena Arabadzhiyska1,2     Marek Wernikowski1,3     Radosław Mantiuk3
Hans-Peter Seidel1     Karol Myszkowski1     Piotr Didyk4

1MPI Informatik    2Saarland University, MMCI    3West Pomeranian University of Technology    4Università della Svizzera italiana


Current rendering techniques struggle to fulfill quality and power efficiency requirements imposed by new display devices such as virtual reality headsets. A promising solution to overcome these problems is foveated rendering, which exploits gaze information to reduce rendering quality for the peripheral vision where the requirements of the human visual system are significantly lower. Most of the current solutions model the sensitivity as a function of eccentricity, neglecting the fact that it also is strongly influenced by the displayed content. In this work, we propose a new luminance-contrast-aware foveated rendering technique which demonstrates that the computational savings of foveated rendering can be significantly improved if local luminance contrast of the image is analyzed. To this end, we first study the resolution requirements at different eccentricities as a function of luminance patterns. We later use this information to derive a low-cost predictor of the foveated rendering parameters. Its main feature is the ability to predict the parameters using only a low-resolution version of the current frame, even though the prediction holds for high-resolution rendering. This property is essential for the estimation of required quality before the full-resolution image is rendered. We demonstrate that our predictor can efficiently drive the foveated rendering technique and analyze its benefits in a series of user experiments.



We would like to express our gratitude to Michal Piovarči, Michał Chwesiuk and Itrat Rubab for their help. This project was supported by the Fraunhofer and Max Planck cooperation program within the German Pact for Research and Innovation (PFI), ERC Starting Grant (PERDY-804226), European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 642841 (DISTRO) and Polish National Science Centre (decision number DEC-2013/09/B/ST6/02270). The perceptual experiments conducted in this project are approved by the Ethical Review Board of Saarland University (No. 18-11-4).